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Water Today Title   GREENING TRANSPORT   GREENING GOVERNMENT    HOLIDAY WATER    FIRST NATIONS August 23, 2017

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Update 2016/11/21
greening government

"TODAY I'M HERE TO ANNOUNCE OUR PLAN FOR REAL CHANGE
FOR OUR ENVIRONMENT, OUR ECONOMY, AND OUR FUTURE

Justin Trudeau, June 30,2015

Greening Government Part 1 - Electric Vehicles
This speeech delivered during the election campaign underlines the Liberals commitment to lead in the fight against climate change. To demonstatre this leadership one of the government priorities is cleaning up its own house. Last week it reiterated its commitment to reduce emissions from government operations by 40 percent by 2030, if not by 2025, by using cleaner energy and becoming more energy efficient. To further reduce its footprint, the federal government will also invest in reducing emissions from its vehicles. That means shifting government fleets to electric and hybrid vehicles and installing charging station infrastructure in government buildings.

To determine just how much progress will be needed to convert the government's fleet, WATERTODAY emailed questions to several major departments asking them how many electric or hybrid vehicles were already in use in their department and what, if any, infrastructure was in place. Our conclusion: while the transformation of the federal vehicle fleet to low carbon vehicle choices is still in its early stages, a lot of groundwork remains to be done to meet the government's goals.

OUR QUESTIONS
How many vehicles are in in your fleet of vehicles?
How many of those are hybrids?
How many of those are electric?
How many charging stations/solar carports does your department have?

DEPARTMWENTAL REPLIES

TREASURY BOARD SECRETARIAT (TBS)
TBS NOTE: Treasury Board numbers are government-wide and include the numbers submitted by other Departments.
FLEET: 28,400
TBS NOTE: This includes 25,906 vehicles listed in the federal fleet database as well as approximately 2,500 vehicles owned by the Department of National Defence that are listed in a separate database.
ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 40
HYBRIDS: 832
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : NO CENTRAL INFORMATION
TBS NOTE: Federal departments are currently assessing their requirements for EV recharging infrastructure at federal facilities to meet their operational requirements for fleet vehicle charging, employee EV charging or potentially public access.

PUBLIC SERVICES AND PROCUREMENT CANADA (PSPC)
FLEET: The total number of vehicles purchased by fiscal year is as follows: 2012-2013: 4198; 2013-2014: 3395 ; 2014-2015: 3766

PSPC NOTE: As the common service purchaser for the government, PSPC is responsible for purchasing traditional, electric, hybrid and plug-in hybrid vehicles for use in federal departmental fleets and for Ministers, Ministers of State, Secretaries of State and eligible Deputy Heads. However, individual departments are responsible for determining their vehicle requirements and managing their fleet.
ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 0
HYBRIDS: 49
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : 21
PSPC NOTE: 3 charging stations are presently installed in the National Capital Region, 10 in the Quebec Region, and 8 in the Atlantic region.

NATURAL RESOURCES CANADA (NRCan)
FLEET: 215 (mostly pick-up trucks and SUVs)
ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 4
HYBRIDS: 18
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : 3 (1 powered by solar panels)

PARKS CANADA
FLEET: 1,753
ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 0
HYBRIDS: 32
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : 0

AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA (AAFC)
FLEET: 941

ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 8
HYBRIDS: 0
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : 0

ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE CANADA (ECCC)
FLEET: 591
ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 1
HYBRIDS: 98
ECC NOTE: ECCC is monitoring and assessing the life cycle of its fleet in order to determine an effective replacement timeframe. Passenger cars (i.e. sedans and wagons) are generally kept for a minimum of 6 years or 120,000 km and light-duty trucks (i.e. pick-up trucks, vans and utility vehicles) are generally kept for a minimum of 7 years or 140,000 km. Following these benchmarks, vehicle purchases for both hybrids and electric vehicles are being considered as we turn over our existing fleet.
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : 0

CANADIAN BROADCASTING CORPORATION (CBC)
FLEET: 624
ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 2
HYBRIDS: 4
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : 2 (1 in Québec City 1 in Montréal)

ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE (RCMP)
FLEET: 11,500
ELECTRIC VEHICLES: 1
HYBRIDS: 0
CHARGING STATIONS/SOLAR CARPORTS : 5 (all in Ottawa)

COMPARATIVE CO2 EMISSIONS
We were also curious to find out how much CO2 electric cars emit and how it compares with traditional gas-powered cars. This was no easy task as every organization seems to adopt different parameters. Assuming our calculations are accurate, these are our best estimates.

ELECTRIC VEHICLES (EV)
Our numbers are based on the average gas-powered car getting 10 km per litre of gasoline.

According to Plug'N Drive, an Ontario non-profit organization committed to accelerating the adoption of electric vehicles, the emissions of an EV depend on where the electricity comes from. This varies from province to province and by time of day. In general, we assume off-peak charging, that is, charging overnight, because that is when the majority of drivers will plug-in and when electricity is cleanest and cheapest.

That said, here is the emissions profile for a Nissan LEAF in each province, assuming 100 km (10 litres of gas) of driving.

Alberta: 13.3 kg
British Columbia: 1.6 kg
Manitoba: 0.2 kg
New Brunswick: 5.7 kg
Newfoundland and Labrador: 0.6 kg
Nova Scotia: 12.5 kg
Ontario: 1.5 kg
Prince Edward Island: 7.8 kg
Québec: 0.2 kg
Saskatchewan: 11.4 kg

GAS-POWERED VEHICLES
NEB: 23.7 kg
According to numbers provided by the National Energy Board (NEB), the amount of CO2 released when 10 litres of gasoline is burnt is a fixed amount, a product of the chemistry involved in combustion. One litre of gasoline contains approximately 34.66 megajoules, with 68.5 grams of CO2 emitted per litre. So: 34.66MJ*68.50g/MJ = 2374 grams of CO2 or 2.3 kg/l. Combusting 10 litres of gasoline would result in 23.7 kg of C02.

EPA: 23 kg
Numbers suggested by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) confirm this estimate. EPA estimates that one gallon of gasoline emits 8,887 grams CO2. Since 1 gallon contains about 3.785 litres, 1 litre of gasoline would produce (8887/3.785 =) about 2347.9524 grams of CO2 or 2.3 kg/l, which translates 23 kg for 10 litres (100km).



Related

Greening government: Buildings

Greening government: Retrofitting Existing Government Buildings

Sustainablility Experts Weight in on Greening Federal Buildings

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